Covenant Enforcement

The Buckley Ranch neighborhood (comprised of 260 single family homes) is a covenant controlled community subject to certain restrictive covenants provided in the Amended, Restated and Unified Declaration of Covenants, Conditions and Restrictions For the Buckley Ranch Subdivision (the "Declaration"), which was recorded in the real property records of the Clerk and Recorder of Adams County, Colorado on December 30, 2019 at Reception Number 2019000114965.

Each lot is subject to the covenants, conditions and restrictions provided in the Declaration Document. Article 3 (Restrictions) of the Declaration Document contains the specific restrictions applicable to each Lot.


The Design Review Committee (DRC) is comprised of homeowners who volunteer their time serving on the Committee. The DRC Chairperson is appointed by the District's board of directors and other members of the DRC are appointed by the DRC. Although positions on the DRC are not elected positions, the District's Board has oversight authority over the DRC. (The DRC reports to and receives its authority from the District's Board.)

The DRC’s primary responsibilities include the following:

  1. Review and approve (or deny) written architectural requests submitted by homeowners;
  2. Maintain the Design Guidelines and Standards for the neighborhood;
  3. Monitor homeowner lots to ensure compliance with the Design Guidelines and Standards

Lot Maintenance

The Declaration generally requires Owners to maintain their Lots, “ a clean, slightly and wholesome condition...”

The District board must exercise a great deal of judgment to determine what constitutes a lot that is maintained in a “clean, sightly and wholesome condition.” Lots that are not maintained in a “clean, sightly and wholesome condition” are in violation of the restrictions in the Declaration. To better define and communicate its expectations regarding “clean, sightly and wholesome” conditions, the Board developed a Covenant Violation Guidebook that establishes standards for Lot maintenance. The Board encourages homeowners to review this guidebook so they can better understand the standards established by the District regarding Lot maintenance.

The Covenant Violation Guidebook (a copy of which can be downloaded from the document library webpage) provides guidance on issues such as:

  1. What constitutes excessive weeds in rockbeds and planters
  2. What constitutes excessive oil stains in a driveway
  3. What constitutes adequate care of the lawn
  4. What constitutes adequate maintenance of flowerbeds and planters

Common Lot Maintenance Violations

The top ten most commonly noted violations within the neighborhood are as follows:

  1. Excessive weeds in the rockbeds and planters
  2. Dead/dying trees
  3. Excessive weeds in the lawn
  4. Failure to move trash cans to the backyard or garage
  5. Excessive oil stains in the driveway
  6. Turf disrepair (i.e. bare dirt areas throughout the lawn area)
  7. Inadequately maintained flower beds and planters
  8. Excessive weeds in the driveway and/or sidewalk section separators
  9. Disrepair of backyard landscaping
  10. Damaged window and/or shutters

Homeowners who are mindful of regularly monitoring and correcting these types of violations on their lots are much less likely to receive violation notices from the District.

Rental Properties

Owners are responsible for maintaining their Lots in a manner that reasonably complies with the covenants and restrictions contained within the Declaration Documents. The Board holds Landlord Owners, who rent or lease their homes, responsible for the reasonable maintenance of their Lots—regardless of any contractual maintenance arrangements that may exist between Landlords and their renters or their property management companies.

Owner Responsibilities

The Board expects Owners, who use the lots as their primary residence, to be responsible for the reasonable maintenance of their Lots—regardless of the Owners’ business, vacation or other schedules that may cause the Owners to be away from their lots for extended periods of time. Also, Owners are responsible for being familiar with the covenants and restrictions contained within the Declaration Document and the Architectural Design Guidelines and the Board’s interpretations of the various covenants and restrictions as provided in the Board’s Covenant Violation Guidebook.

Enforcement Process

The District's Board, through its management company, performs neighborhood inspections approximately every two weeks. For all lot violations noted during neighborhood inspections, the District will send out letters notifying the owners of the nature of the violation and the date on which it was observed. In addition, homeowners are subject to fines when recurring violations of the same type are identified on their Lots.

The notice and fine schedule for covenant enforcement is as follows:

First Observation
of a Property Violation

Courtesy notice
(sent regular mail and via email if provided by homeowner)
10 day deadline to correct the issue

Second Observation
of the Same Property Violation

Second courtesy notice and fine warning
(sent certified mail and via email if provided by homeowner)
30 day deadline to correct the issue

Third Observation
of the Same Property Violation

Notice of $50 fine
(sent regular mail and via email if provided by homeowner)
30 day deadline to correct the issue

Fourth Observation
of the Same Property Violation

Notice of $100 fine and warning that District may file a covenant lien and initiate legal action
(sent regular mail and via email if provided by homeowner)
30 day deadline to correct the issue

Fifth and Subsequent Observations
of the Same Property Violation

Notice that District has filed a covenant lien and initiated legal action
(No additional fines levied by the District)
(sent regular mail and via email if provided by homeowner)

Please note that State laws passed in 2022 require (1) at least one notice be sent via certified mail before the District can begin levying fines on properties for a particular outstanding violation and (2) homeowners be allowed 30 days to comply with any notice before a fine can be levied by the District. 

Fines are not assessed on a homeowner’s account until after the homeowner has an opportunity for a hearing (see below). If the homeowner does not request a hearing within ten (10) days of date of the written notice, the related fine may be assessed on the homeowner’s account.


After a third notice regarding the same open property maintenance violation, the District may turn over a property any time to the District’s legal counsel to initiate legal action against the homeowner (including filing a covenant lien and obtaining a judgment in court). In addition to addressing any judgement that may be obtained by the District against a homeowner, the homeowner must reimburse the District for any legal fees the District incurs related to the enforcement of a violation (in addition to paying any violation fines assessed by the District).


Homeowners who receive violation notices may request a hearing before the District's board to present evidence, testimony and present witnesses to support their case. Homeowners must submit their request for a hearing within 10 days of the date of the notice.

A request for a hearing can be submitted via email or via regular mail to the District Manager.

Changes to or Termination of the Buckley Ranch Declaration Document

Homeowners may conduct a vote in accordance with the Declaration Document to change or terminate the covenant-controlled community. In accordance with the Colorado Common Interest Ownership Act (Section 33.3 of the Colorado Revised Statutes) and the Declaration Document, approval from 67% (or 175) of the 260 Lot owners within Buckley Ranch must be obtained to pass any proposed changes to or termination of the Declaration Document.


The information contained on this page is incomplete and only intended to be a summary of certain key provisions of the District's Covenant Enforcement Policies and Procedures and the District's Collection Policies and Procedures. Homeowners are responsible for carefully reviewing the District's policies and procedures (posted in the public document library on this website) to understand the District's and homeowners' respective responsibilities and rights regarding the enforcement of covenants, conditions, restrictions, rules applicable to the use and enjoyment of their properties.